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Elephant in Bwabwata National Park
Elephant in Bwabwata National Park

African elephant herds, led by a matriarch, require vast space for movement. In some parts of Africa elephants migrate annually and usually follow historic migratory routes that lead to food and water sources. Movement patterns are highly complex in the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA), representing the world’s largest wildlife transboundary area, with elephants moving back and forth through connected wildlife corridors across the five countries – Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe – due to food availability and climate patterns.